Track & Field






High Jump


     High jumps start out with a running approach from any angle toward the bar.  The jumper must then take off from one foot and try to propel their body over a bar that rests across two upright poles.  If the jumper does not clear the bar or knocks the bar off of the two uprights it counts as a miss.  Three successive misses and the jumper is eliminated.  The jumper who makes the highest jumps wins.  The current world record for the high jump is 7 feet 10 inches.




Pole Vault


In the pole vault, the athlete uses a long, flexible, fiberglass pole.  While holding this pole, they sprint along a short runway, jam the pole into a sloping metal box beneath the bar, and they push themselves up over the bar, landing in a foam pit.  The participant is allowed three vaults, or tries, at each height.  If they miss all three times, they are eliminated.  The athlete with the highest vault is the winner.  The current world record for the pole vault is 19 feet and 6.25 inches.



Long Jump


In the long jump event, runners run along a strait runway to a wooden take-off board embedded in the runway.  This board is level with the ground.  The part of the board closest to the pit is the take-off line.  If an athlete oversteps this line they are forced to forfeit the jump.  The length of the jump is measured from the take-off line to the nearest mark made in the sand pit.  Competitors get 3 jumps.  The athlete with the longest measured jump wins.  The current world record for the long jump is 29 feet and 4.5 inches.



Triple Jump


The triple jump, also known as the hop, step, and jump, is very similar to the long jump.  The athlete makes a running start along a runway.  Then he or she must hop and must land on the same foot that they took off on.  The athlete then takes one step onto the other foot and then jumps as far as he or she can.  The jump is measured from the nearest mark made in the sand pit to the take-off board.  The current world record for the triple jump is 60 feet 0.25 inches.



Shot Put


A shot is a solid, metal ball.  It weighs 7.26 kilograms for men and 4 kilograms for women.  The athlete starts out by holding the shot in his or her hand, resting it against their shoulder.  The athlete needs to stay inside of a 2.1 meter circle while they perform a series of hops and spins followed by a crouch and a spring and pushing the shot as far as they can into the air.  The distance of the throw is then measured by the judges.  The contestant with the farthest throw wins.  The current world record for the shot put is 73 feet 8.75 inches.





A men’s javelin weighs 800 grams and is 2.6 to 2.7 meters long.  A women’s javelin weighs 600 grams and is 2.2 to 2.3 meters long.  The shaft of the javelin can be made of wood or metal, but the tip is always steel.  For a throw to count, the metal tip must break the turf.  The athlete sprints down a runway to a line where they must throw the javelin over their shoulder.  If they cross the line, it is a “foul” and the throw is not counted.  The participant with the farthest throw wins the event.  The world record for the farthest throw is 323 feet, 1 inch.





The participants in this event are only men.  The hammer is a 7.26 kilogram ball attached to 121.5 centimeters of steel wire with a handle.  The thrower must not leave a 2.1 meter circle until the hammer has landed.  He swings the hammer in an arc while simultaneously spinning his body around until he reaches “peak momentum” with the hammer at which time he releases the hammer toward the “field”.  The participant with the farthest throw wins that event.  The current world record for the hammer is 284 feet 7 inches.





The discus used today is made of wood and metal.  The men’s discus weighs 2.0 kilograms while the women’s discus weighs 1.0 kilograms.  The discus is held flat against the palm and the forearm.  The athlete turns 1.5 rotations inside of a circle before releasing the discus.  The participant with the longest throw wins this event.  The current world record for the discus is 243 feet 0 inches.



Track Events